KNITRENNIE - SPUN IN SCOTLAND
HOME - BACKGROUND
Please note that the proper technical description of woollen yarn varies significantly to the descriptions simplified for use by domestic hand knitters. As we sell both cone yarns (greasy) and hand knitting yarns (clean), please use this as a guide:

YARNS ON THE CONE FOR HAND WEAVERS & MACHINE KNITTERS (GREASY)


Understanding the description of our yarns:
Generally in the woollen trade we describe the name or brand of the yarn (i.e SUPERSOFT), the quality (i.e. LAMBSWOOL) and the metric description. (i.e. 2/11.3Nm)

What does the metric description 2/11.3Nm mean?
2 = The number of different yarns plied together.
11.3 = The length in meters, per ply, required to weigh one gram.

Therefore, a 2/11.3Nm yarn will require 5.65 meters to make one gram, because it has been plied twice, and therefore requires half the length to make 1 gram.

(Note that our metric measurements are based on clean results, that is how many meters, per ply, required to make one gram once the yarn has been scoured).

What will be the total length of the yarn in a 0.9 kg cone?
Using the above formulae it may be possible to get a rough estimation but it is impossible to get an exact figure as there are many variables due to the natural properties of yarn, including moisture gain/loss.

Assuming a cone of yarn weighs 0.9kg (greasy), including the weight of the cone without the yarn, one needs to remove no more than 10% to account for the weight of the cone, moisture loss and the processing oil which will be removed once scoured. This leaves 0.81kg or 810 grams.

If the yarn is 1/11.3Nm then you would multiply 11.3m x 810 grams = 9,153 meters. If the yarn is plied twice (i.e. 2/11.3Nm) then the yarn will be twice as thick and therefore will be twice as short = 4,576.5 meters.

For the same quality a 50 gram ball of yarn which is 2/11.3Nm could be measured with the following formulae: (11.3 x 50)/2 = 282.5 meters. Hand knitting balls will already be scoured so one would not have to take into account the weight of the processing oil or the weight of the cone in the above calculation.

How many garments can I make from a 0.9kg cone (greasy)
This depends on what garment you are making and what size. We can normally make three or four sweaters with a 0.9 kg cone. Generally think backwards. If you are knitting 8 pairs of socks which you estimate will weigh 100 grams for each pair then a 0.9kg cone (greasy) should suffice.

8 x 100 grams = 0.8 Kgs (or 800 grams)
0.9 Kg minus 10% (to account for cone, moisture loss, removal of processing oil and tolerance)
= 0.81 kgs (or 810 grams)


MACHINE KNITTING GAUGES

Please use the following as a general guide:

Chunky 2/4Nm: 2 1/2 - 3 g.g. FLAT (our thickest yarn).
Unique 2/9Nm and Supersoft 2/11.3Nm: 5 g.g. FLAT (9-12 g.g. Fully fashioned)
2/17Nm: 7 - 8 g.g. FLAT (12-15 g.g. Fully fashioned)


HAND KNITTING YARNS (CLEAN)

Supersoft Lambswool:
Ply - 4 ply
Composition - Lambswool
Needle Size - 3.25mm (US 3)
Tension - 22 sts to 36 rows = 10cm square
Length - 246m / 270 yds

Supersoft Cashmere:
Ply - Double Knit
Composition - 87.5% Lambswool / 12.5% Cashmere
Needle Size - 4mm (US 6)
Tension - 22 sts to 30 rows = 10cm square
Length - 120m / 132 yds

Unique Shetland:
Ply - 4 ply
Composition - Pure New Wool
Needle Size - 3.25mm (US 3)
Tension - 28 sts to 36 rows = 10cm square
Length - 215m / 236 yds

Chunky Lambswool:
Ply - Aran
Composition - Lambswool
Needle Size - 5mm (US 8)
Tension - 18 sts to 24 rows = 10cm square
Length - 95m / 104 yds

Castle:
Ply - 4 ply
Composition - 58% Lambswool / 42% Silk
Needle Size - 3.25mm (US 3)
Tension - 28 sts to 36 rows = 10cm square
Length - 154m / 169 yds

CUSTOMER SALES +44 (0)1771 622422